The alarmingly high rate of suicides in India is prodding people into understanding the Mental Health Importance. Especially during the lockdown, relatively more cases of suicides have been reported.
India is a country with the largest youth population. The repercussions of Covid-19 and the consecutive lockdowns caused by it has started to manifest, in a short space of time. Reportedly, people are struggling with various mental health issues during this period.
Confined to their homes, people could not ameliorate their mental conditions in the same way as they used to do before the lockdown. The unprecedented crisis has shaped people’s mental approach to most of the problems. And conspicuously, the pandemic has aggravated the existing mental issues even further.
Although more young people are reported to have committed suicide, suicide is not in any way age-specific. Suicide becomes an option owing to various reasons problems— be it financial, relationship, family, et cetera.
Mostly, people consider suicide an option when their mental state groans under the weight of intractable problems. Despite various mental health awareness campaigns all across the world, disgruntled individuals are not able to surmount their mental problems.
According to mental health experts, Increasing suicide rates day by day is undoubtedly an issue that needs to be shed as much light upon as any other pressing issue in the country.
Mental illness is treatable. If incipient symptoms are detected, it is advisable to contact a general practitioner for help. Psychological treatments are also helpful to people suffering from mental illness. In the case of clinical depression, certain medications are administered to restore the individual to a healthy mental state.
Psychological treatments enable individuals to externalize their thoughts and feelings to specially-trained professionals, so that they can comprehend and detect the underlying issues. Therapists thoroughly listen to individuals and notice the undertones of any underlying causes.
There are different psychological therapies and treatments. Each therapy or treatment works differently and is applied considering the particular tell-tale behaviours of those diagnosed.
- Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT):
The examination of how a person’s behaviour, feelings, and thoughts affect his/her basic mental patterns and impel him/her to act in a certain way. In this case, the therapist work together with the patient to establish new ways of thinking, acting, and behaving. CBT consist of practices to be performed outside the actual sessions. CBT is effective in treating depression, anxiety disorders, and psychotic disorders, such as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.
- Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT):
The examination of a person’s relationships and interactions with others and the effects thereof. The professional analysed how the communicative approach of the patient affects his own thoughts, behaviours and feelings. The torrid relationships cause anxieties for a mentally ill person, and resolving the issues in such relationships restore the mental health. This therapy is specifically used to treat depression.
- Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT):
The examination of the mental state of people suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD). This is also effective in treating other psychological issues. People diagnosed with BPD have difficult managing emotions. Dialectal Behaviour Therapy help people curb restrain their impulses and manage unhealthy emotions.