Education India Lifestyle

Indian women experiencing irregular menstrual cycle

A study showed that 33 per cent of them in the country suffer from irregular menstrual cycles.
|| Rhythima Agrawal

Shreya, a 27-year old said, “My periods have become irregular during the lockdown”. Another woman said that she missed her periods this month.
Amidst the ongoing pandemic; a specific section of society is experiencing different problems. Women are facing issues like irregular periods and severe menstrual cramps are seeking gynaecologists help. The pandemic has forced us to stay indoors, which has led to binge eating, missing medication, weight gain and lifestyle changes due to a sedentary lifestyle leading to hormonal imbalances.
A hectic lifestyle has taken a toll on the sexual health of several women, with many of them suffering from an irregular menstrual cycle.
Virtual offices have increased the stress levels in women. The cortisol hormone which is also known as the stress hormone has started reducing the level of chemicals responsible for the regulation of the menstrual cycle. Coronavirus pandemic and the lockdown have created panic and fear in the minds of the people. Uncertainties about life are leading to an increase in stress level.
Additionally, an increased level of stress can potentially lead to an imbalance in the secretion of insulin that further increases the production of leptin hormone. This chemical is known to bring changes in the ovulation and the occurrence of the menstrual cycle. That is why women experience a delayed period, also known as oligomenorrhea. Stress can lead to other problems like hair fall, acne, and weight loss. Stress leads to hormonal changes which is one of the contributors for PCOS in women.
A survey conducted by Nyra, a Singapore based start-up which tracks the menstrual cycle of women showed that a third of women in the country aged between 18 to 35 years have irregular periods due to lifestyle habits. However, 67 per cent of the people registered on the app have regular cycles. In contrast, doctors pointed out that they see many cases of women aged between 18-35 years that prove otherwise. Irregular periods can lead to fertility problems in the long run.
Online consultation can be done for most diseases; it is not possible for women suffering from Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). Dr Vidya Bhat, a fertility specialist in Bangalore, says that PCOS needs to be treated with the help of proper scans and tests which is not possible in the pandemic. We cannot gauge the weight gain because the patients might not have a weighing machine at their house.
Another doctor agrees to the above problems. Dr Savitha Shetty, consultant, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, at a Bangalore-based hospital said, “Women eat frozen food or tinned food, which is harmful to their health. The packaged food leads to obesity, and consequently, irregular periods. In urban areas, especially, women are now working late at night, which is taking a toll on their bodies.”
So, how to get your menstrual cycle on track? The doctors suggest that women should set a routine and follow it religiously. They should eat healthy foods, sleep on time, and should not take stress unnecessary.

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