The Mogul empire in India spanned the longest. India population and the Mughals never got along. Their cruelty and bad attitude towards natives gave rise to hatred in the minds of the Indians. But positive things of mughal’s empire are that they did bring about unity of the whole country by centralizing the states.
|| Jatinder Aulakh
Architecture flourished in their rule. Glorious monuments and forts were built in their period. ‘Kalanaur’ was the unofficial capital in Akbar’s time which was quite popular. His father king Hamanyu died due to a slip off the stairs and his Prime minister Bairem Khan returned to kalanaur to declare Akbara as the next king. There is still a monument at that spot where this ceremony took place. The whole area is dilapidated and beyond recognition as it was never taken care of by the government preserve as a heritage property.
If one has to visit Kalanaur today, it is used to keep the animal stock. Animals’ dung welcomes the tourists which comes from different parts of the world.
Kiran Nadi (Sakki Stream) Flows along this village. Akbar learnt hunting on the banks of this river in the guidance of Bairm Khan who became so ambitious that he was not ready to leave the throne and Akbar had to do get him down forcibly. He went on his spiritual journey (Hajj) thereafter and died on the way due to some illness.
Akbar paid special attention to the landscaping of the city. Beautiful gardens were set up. There were shops on the both sides of the road called ‘Bazar’.
A gorgeous Mosque was built. The most prominent building was ‘Queen Palace’ which is totally run down now and looks like a shack. The walls still bear the vibrant painting which stood the test of time. It is believed that the colors used in the paintings of that period done on the walls.
The Mosque taken care by Mullah Habeeb Aslam at the moment. Baba Lal Dyal temple at the bank of Kiran stream is visited by many devotees. Bawa spent 84 years of his life in the worship of God here. When a devil was giving hard time to people of Dhyanpur, bawa had to go there for their rescue. Emperor Shahjhan was one of the devotee of Bawa Lal Dyal.
Baba Banda Singh Bahadur invaded Kalanaur in Bikramy 1771, he won over the Moughals in a bloody war and destroyed so many monuments. Pracheen Shiv mandir is another attraction of Kalanur. It is known for the huge ‘Shiv Ling’ set up there. As pre Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva spent his meditative years here in this temple. Australian scientists concluded that this giant blank stone which is almost six feet underground was installed six thousands years ago.
King Jasrath attacked Kalanaur in the 10th century and destroyed the temple but Akbara restored it in his rule. Akbara’s army men saw this big black stone and uttered ‘Kalanoor’ (Holy stone of Makkah) and on further enquiry it was found out that it is Shiv Ling. They decided to build a temple. Devotees of other Indian states visit this temple.
Under the Sikh regime, prince kharhak singh donated 500 acers of land. Temple door still has the engraving of his name on it. After end of Sikh rule, British grabbed the land. Many graves of the saints are in the temple. Mahant Syan Dass who is a care taker of the temple at present believes that this temple has been into existence since satyug, the beginning of a civilization.
Another folklore describes that when Hindu deities Ganesha and Kartik had a quarrel with each other. Lord Shiva made their compromise over here.
Famous historian sir Mohammanad Lateef has mention Kalanaur known as ‘Mahekneshwar’ in 13th century.
Kalanaur was witnessed by Hindu, Muslim and Sikh regimes. It flourished despite its religious diversity. Government must take some urgent measure to retain this valuable history for the next generation to feel proud.