Menstruation is a significant landmark in a female’s life. The age of menarche indicates the nutritional states of the girls as well as it is affected by socioeconomic and environmental conditions. Menstruation disorders frequently affect the quality of life of youth as well as adult women which can be indicators of various serious underlying problems.
|| Dr. Sandhya
Among the reproductive health problems, menstrual irregularities are common in females. The symptoms of menstrual disorder like Abnormal uterine bleeding may be a symptom of other reproductive and gynecologic morbidities. The menstrual cycle is the monthly series of changes a female body goes through in preparation for possibility of pregnancy. Ovaries release egg and hormones rise and fall.
Menstrual cycle starts on the first day of last period and ends on the first day of next period. The average cycle is 28 days long and it might flow every 21 to 35 days and last 2 to 7 days. Long cycles are common during the beginning years of menstruation, later on menstruation cycle become normal.
Periods that are sometimes accompanied by pain, cramping, nausea, or vomiting. Irregular periods are an abnormal variation in duration of menstrual cycle in a female.
Menstruation is a condition which is associated with various emotional, religious, cultural aspects. Adolescence stage of life when the female body is undergoing extreme changes physically and emotionally wants special attention with special orientation to menstruation.
Monthly absence, pre menstrual symptoms and lack of concentration arises many problems.
Some hygiene tips during period for every women must follow:
Don’t use tampon or pad for longer time, keep the pubic area clean and wipe from front to back, stay away from vaginal cleanser.
Females needed proper attention particularly suffering from Dysmenorrhoea or other menstrual disorders to guide them towards health. Adolescent girls referring persistent oligomenorrhoea, in first two years from menarche, had a higher risk for developing a persistent menstrual irregularity. They have longer bleeding periods and this has practical implication because these adolescents potentially more susceptible to iron deficiency anemia.
The menstrual disorders should be identified as early as possible to minimize the consequences and sequelae and to promote proper health information.