There is an ascending concern among the people of India due to the squeezed system of unemployment.
||Anjan Kumar Samal
Especially the people of the urban areas are most concerned about unemployment.
According to the market research company IPSOS’s report ‘What worries the World’, released on recent past in which 46 per cent of urban Indians consider the issue of unemployment as the biggest concern of the nation.
In November in comparison to October, 3 per cent more urban Indians worried about unemployment.
IPSOS conducts this survey among 28 countries every month, which aims to aware of the level of satisfaction and dissatisfaction of the people.
As per this survey, amid the concern of immense unemployment, it is also unearthed that 69 per cent of urban Indians believe that the country is going on the right path.
This means that they are satisfied with the present condition of the country. Issues such as financial and political corruption, crime and violence, poverty, social inequality and climate change are troubling them, but they are overall optimistic.
The message of the survey is loud and clear that unemployment is the biggest challenge for the Indian government now a day.
But the problem is that the present government seems to be in a lot of confusion over the issue. On one hand, the Labor Ministry itself states that the unemployment rate in the country was 6.1 per cent in 2017-18, which was the highest in 45 years, but on the other hand, the government representatives on many occasions continue to deny it.
Recently, the Minister of Labor and Employment Santosh Gangwar denied in the Lok Sabha that there was a decrease in employment opportunities.
While several sources have revealed that due to economic slowdown in the country, more than 2 lakh jobs have been lost in the automobile sector in the last few months. Jobs in textiles and real estate sectors have also declined.
Today most foreign or Indian companies are placing a lot of emphasis on skills, but there is still a huge shortage of skilled people. In the last few years, a huge number of youths have obtained degrees like graduation or post-graduation, but they lack any special skills that can get them into jobs.
There is about 47 per cent of educated youth who are not fit for any job due to lack of any special skills along with their degrees and Master degrees in Education. The benefit of Skill India, a scheme launched to provide skills, has still not reached in large scale.
The manufacturing sector contributes the most in availing employment, but in our country, there has been more development of the service sector than the manufacturing sector, in which the scope of employment is less. Labour-intensive industries have to be encouraged to provide employment.
Such policies have to be formulated so that industrialists can come forward in the field of labour oriented products. But all this will be possible only when the government puts the goal of increasing employment at the top of its agenda.
Labour-intensive industries have to be encouraged further to provide employment. Such policies have to be formulated so that industrialists can come forward in the field of labour oriented products. But all this will be possible only when the government puts the goal of increasing employment at the top of its agenda.
In which the present government’s political will power in this regard lacks miserably.